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States of Matter Lesson Plan

Learning Objective

By the end of this lesson, students will be able to define and identify the three states of matter. Explain how substances change from one state to another. Create an animated gif using Brush Ninja to demonstrate their understanding of the states of matter.


  • Whiteboard or chart paper
  • Markers or colored pencils
  • Internet-enabled devices with access to Brush Ninja (such as laptops or tablets)
  • Classroom computer or projector for demonstration purposes


  • Begin by asking students if they know what matter is and give some examples.
  • Write “States of Matter” on the board and ask if anyone knows what that means.
  • Discuss the three states of matter, their names, and characteristics (solid, liquid, gas).
  • Demonstrate how to use Brush Ninja.
  • Divide students into small groups.
  • Instruct each group to pick a substance (e.g., water) and draw its three different states on a piece of paper or whiteboard.
  • Ask each group to discuss how their chosen substance changes from one state to another (e.g., water can freeze into ice when cooled).
  • Ask students to create an animation showing how their chosen substance changes from one state to another using Brush Ninja.


Students will be assessed based on:

  • Their participation in group discussions about the characteristics and changes between states of matter
  • The accuracy and creativity demonstrated in their animated gif using Brush Ninja


For students who are interested in exploring more about the states of matter, they can research other substances that have interesting changes between states, such as dry ice or plasma. They can also create more complex animations using Brush Ninja to demonstrate these changes.

How to animate with Brush Ninja

This video teaches the basics of using Brush Ninja

More Tutorial Videos →

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Note: The lessons are written with the assumption that teachers will be using them as a starting point, and will be adapting them to suit the needs of their students and curriculum.

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